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山梨學院大學 教員プロフィール

國際リベラルアーツ學部國際リベラルアーツ學科 特任教授

Jurgen MELZER(ユルゲン メルツァー)

擔當科目
History of Technology in Japan(日本技術史)
Japanese History Since 1800(19世紀以降の日本史)
Omnibus Themes (Spring) (Fall)(リベラルアーツ?オムニバス(春)(秋))
World History(世界史)
History of Japan's International Relations(日本の國際関係史)
講義日
月曜日?火曜日?水曜日?木曜日
研究室
87號館(國際リベラルアーツ學部棟)2F F213
専門分野
History of modern Japan
最終學歴
Princeton University, Ph.D., Program East Asian Studies (2014)
主な所屬學會
Society for the History of Technology (SHOT), Society for Military History
ブログ?ホームページ等
https://ygu.academia.edu/JuergenMelzer

研究のヴィジョン

私の専門は日本近代史で、日本航空史を長年研究しています。昔ルフトハンザドイツ航空のパイロットだった経験が根底にあります。航空機そのものの歴史だけではなく、航空機を通してそれに関わった人間、組織、國、國際情勢そして経済や政治まで突き詰めると、新たな歴史が見えてきます。
第一次世界大戦後、敗戦國ドイツの航空技術者は職を失います。彼らは當時まだ航空技術の途上にあった日本の航空業界に好待遇で迎えられます。彼らに學んだ日本人技術者は日本航空技術を世界のトップ水準に引き上げ、やがては戦後日本が再び技術大國となる礎を築きます。

Jürgen Melzer is a historian of modern Japan specializing in the history of Japanese aviation. The starting point of his research is his year-long experience as a Lufthansa pilot. Melzer engages in a “new” aviation history that is not only about flying machines but also about the people who designed, built, and used them. It is a fascinating story that relates to technology, economics, politics, and international relations.
His recent publications include “Wings for the Rising Sun: A Transnational History of Japanese Aviation,” published by Harvard University Asia Center. In his book Melzer embeds the rise of Japanese aviation in a global history of international cooperation, competition, and conflict.

主な研究業績

Melzer, J. (2020) “Heavenly Soldiers and Industrial Warriors: Paratroopers and Japan’s Wartime Silk Industry.” The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, 18(17.2) https://apjjf.org/2020/17/Melzer.html

Melzer, J. (2020) Wings for the Rising Sun: A Transnational History of Japanese Aviation, Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.

Melzer J. (forthcoming) “Japanese Aeronautical Innovation During World War II,” In Aeronautical Advances During World War II, edited by Alex M. Spencer, Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press,

Melzer J. (2017) “Warfare 1914-1918 (Japan),” In 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, Freie Universit?t Berlin.

Melzer J. (2015) “Cooperation, Rivalry, Conflict: America and Japan’s Aviation, 1928–1941,” USJP Occasional Paper, Program on U.S.-Japan Relations, Harvard University.

Melzer J. (2014) “’We Must Learn From Germany’ : Gliders and Model Airplanes as Tools for Japan’s Mass Mobilization.” Contemporary Japan.

教育のヴィジョン

歴史を再発見する面白さを學ぼう
私は學生と歴史を學ぶ楽しさを分かち合いたいです。単に史実を暗記するのではなく、歴史を多角度で探求し分析すること。史実をより広い意味でとらえ、それを大局的な見地に結びつけた時、私達の過去?現在?未來を今まで以上に理解できる「歴史の再発見」ができます。

Melzer wants to share with his students the joy of studying history. For him history is a complex, and very fascinating way of understanding human existence over time. His classes are an invitation to explore faraway places and distant times.
In particular, rather than just memorizing historical facts, Melzer wants his students to explore and analyze history from a wider view. For him, “rediscovering history” means to put historical facts into a larger context and to look for the big picture that helps us better understand our past, present, and future.

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